Creating Print On Demand Interiors and Covers Using Scribus Part 6

I have taken a few weeks to document all the steps required to use Scribus to layout the interior and cover for Print on Demand (POD) PDF files and thought about publishing it.

I decided to first publish on this blog, because I will hopefully get good feedback on missed steps or other suggestions from others who are also preparing their stories for POD publication or creating bookmarks or whatever.

If I work on approximately 5 pages each blog, it will take 8 blog posts or more  to get it all up.

If you missed Part 1 read it first, then Part 2Part 3  Part 4 and Part 5.

Part 6

Page Numbering Sections

Once the page number marker is in the master pages, you nominate the sections you want the page numbers to appear in is located in the Sections area of the Document Setup window.

Click File => Document Setup, then scroll down to locate the Sections icon in the icon list on the left of the Document Setup window.

On the right, you nominate the pages with no numbering, and the pages with numbering.

I do not number the Front Matter so I select from 1 to 10 and set the style to None.

I start numbering from page 11 to total of novel pages and set the style to 1, 2, 3, . . .

I make a third section for the Back matter and select None for the style.

I click Apply, and close the window.

After I import all the pages, I may have to come back to adjust the From and To fields for each section.

Exercise:

  1. Open the Document Setup and in the Sections area set the page number areas and apply.
  2. If you already have template pages with footers added to your file, confirm the page marker has changed to page numbers, if not, add some template pages with footers and confirm the page numbers are displayed.

 

Paragraph Styles

The main two paragraph styles I use are Indent for the story text and Centred for the chapter names and numbers.

There are many others, such as Heading 1, Heading 2 and Heading 3 for non-fiction.

These paragraph styles are set up in Edit => Styles to open the Style Manager.

Click the New button, Select Paragraph Styles to display the Properties and Character Style tabs on the right hand side of the Styles Manager.

Enter the name Indent. Under the ruler at the bottom, enter the inches for the indent. I enter 0.3000. The Indent icon appears on the ruler. I leave all the other settings as default. Click the Apply button to save the settings.

Click the New button again to create the next paragraph style. I name the paragraph style Centred. I click the centred alignment icon, second from the left in the 5 icons under Distances and Alignment. Click the Apply button to save the settings.

Click the < < Done button to close the details section and close the Styles window.

I open the Story Editor to confirm the newly created styles are now available.

Exercise:

  1. Create a paragraph style and close the Styles Manager.
  2. Right Click on the text box in your first page to open the Story Editor.
  3. Click on the Styles drop down list to check the newly created paragraph styles are listed.
  4. Type some text and click on the drop down style list to the left of the text and select the centred paragraph style. The typed text moves to the centre of the text area.

Fonts

Font for Title and Author Name on Cover

Cover Fonts are usually a much larger size than interior fonts but are not necessarily the same fonts as used in the interior.

Font for minor text fields on Cover

The minor text fonts used on the cover can be carried into the interior layout and used for title, author name and chapter headings.

Study books in the genre you are working on, and select similar or the same font as the layout you like best in a published book.

Font for text

Header, footer, chapter titles and chapter text fonts can be selected via the Story Editor or set up in the Document Setup window.

To set the text font in the Document Setup window, click on the Tools icon in the left column. Then make sure that the first icon in the second column of smaller icons is selected. The word Text will appear at the top of the list of fields.

Select the font from the drop down list of fonts and a sample of the font will display at the bottom of the window.

I set the size of the font to 12 pt. Remember, these settings can be changed once the text has been imported from the Story Editor.

I find it is easier to set the font here, then I only have to change the font for the chapter headings in the Story Editor after I import the text.

Font size, Leading, Tracking and Kerning

Once the text is imported, Leading, Kerning, Tracking and the font sizes are all altered in the Story Editor.

Leading is the space between the lines of text and will remain as 1.5 as set in the Word Document.

Remember, you can create new paragraph styles under Edit => Styles. The new style will display in the drop down list in the Story Editor. Place the curser in the single paragraph, or select a group of paragraphs and select the new paragraph style from the drop down list inside Story Editor.

Kerning refers to the spacing between words and is used to help remove widows/orphans, which are the first or last line of a paragraph that is split over two pages. Kerning is also used to compress text to move a single word back up a line, because some formatters believe a single word should not remain on a line by itself.

In Story Editor, select the line or paragraph of text that needs adjusting and change the percentage of the Manual Tracking configuration (the A|V with the red horizontal arrow under the letters) either plus or minus the percentage, for example -1%, then update the text frame and exit the Story Editor to check if the percentage change was enough to compress the spacing to roll the single word back to the previous line of text. If not, go into the Story Editor again and repeat the steps until the single word moves back to the previous line.

I also look for any words that can be hyphenated to help close the spaces in the paragraph where any single word needs pulling back to the previous line.

Tracking is setting the individual letter spacing in a word.

In the Story Editor, select the word, then alter the percentage of the ManualTracking configuration (the A|V with the red horizontal arrow under the letters) to close any gaps or expand the space between letters of the word.

Exercise:

  1. Set your font and size for Title and Author Name in your header template by selecting the text frame and right clicking the mouse and selecting Edit Text to open the Story Editor.
  2. Select the Title and set the font and font size.
  3. Click the Update Text Frame and Exit icon or type Ctrl+W to save and close the Story Editor.
  4. Set your font and size for Page Numbers in your chapter template footers. Save and close Story Editor.
  5. Select your font for your text in the Document Setup => Tools => Text  window. Click Apply button, and close the window.

The above steps may seem like a lot of work at first, but once you have the templates created, you can import them into every future novel layout.

The only changes you need to make  in each new file are selecting different fonts for different genre books.

Now you have a feel for all the configurations, but you can still tweak the layout of the text once it is imported, such as Kerning and Tracking, and hyphenation when needed.

Part 7 discusses importing your word document into Scribus.

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