Parts of Fiction


  • Three Act Structure (Beginning, Middle, End)


  • [Protagonist with need] vs. [Antagonist with need] in [Setting] with [Twist]
  • Beginning (use action)
  • Middle (show conflict)
  • End (stop at twist or change)


  • Types


  • Types (Protag, Antag, Sidekick, Romantic Interest, Other)
  • Needs of every character must be known
  • Reason in story


  • Character’s Voice (each uses different speech or tone)
  • Author’s voice


  • Characters
  • Emotions
  • Subtext
  • Stage (world, politics, religion, laws)
  • Sense (smell, taste, sound, sight, touch)
  • Action
  • Props


  • Faster pace
  • Action (short sentences, close detail of action)
  • Dialogue (get to point, avoid description)
  • Slower pace
  • Action (longer sentences, extraneous information, description)
  • Dialogue (longer sentences, jump topics, describe speaker action)

Point of View

  • First person (can not describe self in mirror)
  • Third person (can describe everyone but self)
  • Close third person (do not use telling words “heard, saw, felt”)
  • Must show what happens instead of describing what happens


  • Parts of a sentence
  • Starting sentences with “ing” words is wrong
  • “to be” verbs should NOT be used
  • Use strong verbs
  • Use adverbs sparingly

1 comment so far

  1. imotherofpearl on

    This is such a useful summary – and a great checklist. I think I’m going to use it as a reading plan as I begin my Sideways Thinking novel!

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